Wednesday, February 5, 2020
Activities to enhance learning - Essay Example Technology can be used to enhance learning and education. Traditional classrooms are increasingly being replaced by virtual classrooms in the globalized education system. Some of the systems that can be used in the promotion of online learning include the use of the audience response systems and clickers. At the same time, advanced institutions are using simulation in the laboratories to prepare the students from the professional market experiences. Distance learning happens when the learner is separated from the teacher geographically and time-wise. According to instructional technology, distance learning is the process of extending resource sharing opportunities to other classrooms through the use of video and multimedia communications. This essay aims at having a creative look into the online activities that enhance student learning, assessment and engagement through critical thinking. These analytical suggestions can greatly improve the learning outcomes of the N534 course. The I nternet is one of the most important media when it comes to online learning environment and technology. Online learning especially in nursing is known to reduce time and space barriers in the process of learning. Online learning can be entirely electronic or a hybrid of learning environments. Hybrid learning tends to combine virtual learning strategies with face-to-face learning. The Internet is known to have introduced the concept of pluralisation of place. This means that persons and participate in multiple environments using a virtual atmosphere. In the case of online learning, the instructor is responsible for moderating and mentoring students. However, the students are expected to have a strong self-drive. The e-learning atmosphere is known to provide a platform for studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ discussions across the continents (Allen, 2007). Students in a nursing class can access online resources, share important documents through online applications and submit examination in the online c lassroom (Bonk & Zhang, 2008). Technology has allowed online students to interact with faculties and mentors. In the online learning environment, materials are presented through videotaping, audio taping, and links to websites. There are interactive websites designed to host online learning environments (Bonk & Zhang, 2008). In the case of learning environments, the interaction can be real-time, which is also known as synchronous, or asynchronous. Synchronous online interactions entail the use of chat room in the process of teaching (Allen, 2007). This involves typing. Asynchronous communication means leaving messages that others can read in their convenience (Shea-Schultz & Fogarty, 2002). In the online learning strategy, the entire programs and group courses are offered online. Online learners can attend virtual universities like California Virtual University. There are unique materials that serve as a means of promoting online learning and teaching. Successful learning must be as sessed on a regular basis. The method of learning has a great impact in the process of learning (Bonk & Zhang, 2008). The entire process and assessment of learning require substantial institutional and financial investment. Institutions must invest in faculty development, infrastructure, and equipment. Technology aided teaching strategies dramatically affect the way teaching and learning occurs. This challenges the traditional relationship between academic institutions and students. Students must be encouraged to participate in the learning process. This entails inviting them to speak in the classroom (Shea-Schultz & Fogarty, 2002). This learning strategy can have a profound effect if the teacher creates a safe environment for the students to learn. The teacher is expected to summarize discussion from time to time. This helps in highlighting key points and allows students to follow on the discussion (Allen, 2007). Th
Tuesday, January 28, 2020
Development of the Grunge Fashion Style An interest in fashion begins at a young age where the teen generation show a high degree of fashion awareness. Those who convince themselves to have lack of interest in the fashion area eventually are compelled to tackle the notion. The market for youth fashion clothing targets includes consumers aged between 13 and 24. This fashion market has been quoted to be worth Ã £9.93 billion at the close of 2008, witnessing a 14.9% general increase since 2004. Clothes and accessories are expressions of how we feel, how we see ourselves and how we wish to be treated by others (Lecture Notes, week 1). Every individuals style of dressing uniquely identifies them which implies we dont just purchase clothes but an identity as a bonus. The product this assignment will be aimed at presenting the latest grunge look which is currently popular among the teenagers and its current market position. The research will further establish the understanding of trend tracking and market research which comprises of tracking both the product and the consumers who are more likely to show response to the innovation of this type of appearance. This report will examine how the grunge look appearance in clothing has been developed in the last three years. Discussions regarding the future development of this kind of look will be briefly analysed. An appropriate consumer group that would respond to the modifications in the respective product area will also be identified. Finally, suitable market research methods which will be utilised to notify predictions and opinions in this report. PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT PAST 3 YEARS The leading fashion industry is considered as one of the major competitive sectors of world trade. The UK fashion industry is estimated to be worth approximately Ã £22 billion in retail sales value in 2008 (Easey, M., 2008, pg.3). The fashion sector has been experiencing an epoch of continuous and immense growth and change. This development can be monitored and administered meticulously with the application of various marketing techniques. By definition, fashion essentially involves change that occurs constantly, also known as a series of short term trends or fads. Fashion can be looked as a form of free speech that can also refer to other areas besides apparel like accessories, hairstyles, jewellery, beauty, body art, popular music etc. The youth market particularly have a positive outlook towards the diversity that this growing fashion can provide as a means to experience the new and appealing things in the market. People persistently explore new and innovative ways to express themselves and marketers work to sustain with this desire. The past three years in the teenage fashion industry has experienced a diversity in clothing trends that have ranged from the smart wear, formal wear, casual wear, rich wear, party wear and the latest fashion popular among the teenage crowd is the grunge wear. This is inspired from the 1980s retro fashion era which didnt remain a vogue as new and sophisticated fashion trends were developed over the years. Although, the youth, particularly the teenage crowd of the current era have brought back the retro fashion that died out many decades ago by sporting the look that has become the latest craze. CULTURE Culture forms the prism through which people view products and try to make sense of their own and other peoples behaviour. (Lecture Notes, Week 4) Youth fashion is mostly influenced from the changing tastes and companionships of the generation where the spread of cultural ideas are usually conveyed through the supreme medium of advanced media and technology in this 21st century. In this way, teenagers all over the world connect through this channel of communication and are never left feeling isolated. Teenagers get their inspiration from fashion role models who are usually famous icons from the music and fashion worlds. These artists and bands usually are the popular trend setters making teenagers eventually follow the band-wagon. High-status consumers like celebrities, fashion houses and their related fashion designers seem to play some role in controlling directions of fashion. When high cultural status people being to sport a new/ different type of clothing, a fashion trend would start, urging teenagers who look up to these high class people with to imitate the similar style. Reflecting on Figure 1, other factors responsible for the change can be a persons personality, culture or weather. Different countries and societies offer a variety of different fashions in clothes. There are some who tend to carry their cultural belief in clothing to different societies. People living within these societies can also find this difference in dressing appealing allowing them to eventually adopt it. A common example is that of the Indian women apparel that is usually in fashion among all age groups in different societies. Socially-constructed aesthetic rules regarding dress influence the social power we feel and attribute to others. Lack of social power is associated with appearances, which do not conform to the rules, whether they are for main-stream ideas regarding co-ordinated clothing or youthful thin bodies. Some groups and individuals have assumed power by effectively resisting these imposed aesthetic rules, while others have yet to do so. (Kim K.P. Johnson and Sharron J.Lennon (1999) Appearance and power. Oxford. New York. P5) The different styles of fashionable clothing have experienced transformations since the golden years while a few trends have been recycled. The fashion of today may seem really bizarre few years down the line when a new trend sets in. The 1980s was one such period that witnessed many unique and different clothing trends that could not be ignored. It was the era when the minds of the youth were influenced by pop stars through their music videos. Teenagers mostly enjoyed emulating these artists, especially Madonna and Michael Jackson who ruled in this area of setting trends. Madonna introduced the most sought-after fishnet stockings worn with micro minis that were a craze those days. Likewise, Michael Jackson set trends with leather jackets, black leather pants, fingerless gloves, aviator jackets and many other that became quite popular. CURRENT MODE OF CLOTHING Dress is a form of communication, the meaning tied to dress are continually negotiated and renegotiated. (Kim K.P. Johnson and Sharron J.Lennon (1999) Appearance and power. Oxford. New York. P28) The need for clothing has been instigated for useful or social reasons. Clothing guards our body and also delivers a social message to other people in the society. In fashion cycles, with change being an incessant factor, a variety of classic fashion continues for a long period whereas other fashion trends fade over time. Clothing has been a characteristic feature of civilizations. The Egyptians were famous for their cotton clothing, the Chinese for their silk and the tribal for wearing the nature. Changing times have adopted the aspect of clothing beyond basic means (http://www.buzzle.com/articles/clothing/) The grunge look is commonly adapted by teenagers all over but different groups have varied styles and designs that differ accordingly. Their price range would also differ from cities, for example, clothes sold in Derby, Sheffield, Nottingham or Leicester would be cheaper compared to the same clothes sold in London or Cambridge. This type of clothing is mostly seen sported by students in colleges, universities, malls (other recreational places as well), etc. It is widely available all over the country in many stores like HNM, Bench, New Look, River Island, Top Shop, etc. Popular websites like www.urbanvenom.com among the many others also trade in hip pop clothing. RETURN OF THE GRUNGE LOOK As noted earlier, music artists and bands play a major role in influencing the mindset of teenagers in fashion. As emphasized earlier, the grunge look is mostly popular among the younger crowd. Introduction of the baggy jeans style was a significant social fashion statement that has is being widely accepted among the teenagers currently. A factor that contributes to this current craze is comfort. Teenagers these days refuse to agree to the adult standards of neat and smart dressing sense. Loose fitting (baggy) urban wear are more comfortable than tight clothing. A few r n b artists that teenagers these days idolize are Eminem, 50 Cent, Nelly, Justin Timberlake, Timbaland, etc. The grunge look from the hip-hop fashion brought together heavy bling jewellery in conjunction with scruffy dressing style. Teenagers with this style of dressing usually wear over-sized baggy jeans without a belt, also known as loose and ghetto. The hip-pop culture first seems to have emerged among the Black youth in New York Citys Bronx during the mid 1970s. Initial expressions of hip-pop culture were spray-painted graffiti, break dancing, rap music and clothes with logos. The middle class emulated the fashion norms that were usually set by the high-class people but hip-pop has turned around that trend. The culture that was only followed by the Black community is now being adopted by the white teenagers who are widely influenced by the current music videos. CORE BENEFIT OF PRODUCT There are several benefits that come along with the grunge wear. Out of the many, four basic ones are reviewed below: Personality Interest in looking good and creating an impression among the others in the similar age group is a usual fact. Therefore, an individuals clothing sense is a major quality that other people never usually leave unnoticed as it defines that individuals personality on the whole. Appearance Clothes usually tell about an individuals likes and dislikes. Teenagers usually wear clothes that are in and sported latest by their fashion idols. This allows them to connect on the same level as other teenagers in the society. Style The grunge look is a fashion statement involving tee -shirts with logos, hoods, ripped jeans or the baggy over sized jeans. Self recognition Clothing becomes an important domain of life in the process of redefinition of the self and in the attraction to a different group of significant others. (Burns, 1979). Extracted from the following website: (http://web1.msue.msu.edu/imp/modrr/rr556098.html) AUGMENTED PRODUCT The extended features of the grunge look in clothing are summarized below: Price The prices of clothes sold at various stores differ depending on its quality, brand name or location. Teenagers usually prefer to buy branded clothes which are usually expensive from retail stores like HNM, River Island, Bench, New Look, Top Shop, etc. These brands always offer the latest high standard trendy clothes that are usually slightly expensive than the alternatives available in the market. Quality/ Retailer Reputation Wise teenagers usually prefer to buy branded clothes for the main reason that it provides them better quality of clothing for its high price. This would reduce chances for complaints regarding damaged apparel. The quality factor is significant for a brands reputation in the fashion market. This would help in increasing sales even for highly reputable stores creating a trend that would successfully haunt the markets for a while. The youth market usually doesnt mind paying a higher price for garments purchased from these respectable retail stores. Therefore, a retailers reputation is a crucial feature in the purchase of clothing. Size/Colour The availability of diverse sizes and colours in stores allow teenagers to purchase the ones that best suit their personality and are comfortable in. The grunge wear is targeted mainly between younger teenagers to young adults where these sizes are diversely available on different brands. The personal choice of colours depends mostly on their personality but to some extent, the weather plays an evident role in influencing their choice too. Stores usually sell bright clothing during spring/ summer and dull shady colours popularly during autumn/ winter. FUTURE DEVELOPMENT The revival of the vintage look is proving to be successful to the fashion world. The latest trends in the market that are inspired from the past have unexpectedly been appeared modeled by celebrities, stacked up in stores and boutique shelves, catwalks, etc. History has shown us that there will be even more diversification far into the next decades. (http://www.retroclothing.org/content/view/12/26/) With the past era influencing the current fashion, the future of the grunge look would probably see a touch of the 50s or 60s. The 50s teenagers were highly influenced by the media, mostly the Rock and Roll idols and movie stars like Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Marlon Brando and James Dean. These people ignorantly set fashion to a different level in their era. The most common teenager styles were greasers, preppies, black leather and denim jeans. In my opinion, marketers in the future would begin to use this style in a modified and trendy technique to match the current generation. FASHION: FAD, STAPLE RETRO Fad A fad, by definition, is a short-lived fashion, something that is embraced very enthusiastically for a short time, especially by many people. (http://www.articlesbase.com/advice-articles/silicone-bracelets-fad-fashion-or-mainstay-37489.html) Examples of fads in toys category are Cyber pets and yoyos. Another example would be the entry of the Playstation 1 game console which earned massive success initially but then died out with the introduction of other modified technologies. STAPLE Staple fashion is something versatile that can be worn for several occasions in different ways. It is a classic item that never goes out of style. Most women consider the black dress as a fashion staple. Other examples can be a pair of jeans or hooded sweatshirts. Gangster style such as alligator-skin shoes and Fedora hats popularised by RnB artists like Jay- Z, 50 Cent and The Notorious B.I.G. RETRO Retro is a contemporary term used to describe things from a bygone era. It is often used in a positive sense, referring to quirky or attractive products that are no longer available. For example, Retro fashion or Retro Chic may consist of outdated styles, such as tie-dyed shirts from the 1970s, or poodle skirts from the 1950s. (http://www.knowledgerush.com/kr/encyclopedia/Retro/) Other well-known examples are the leather jackets, leg warmers, bell-bottom jeans, etc. MARKET RESEARCH METHODS A definition of Market Research taken from the Business Studies textbook whose author is Hall, Jones and Raffo states that Market research is the collection, collation and analysis of data relating to the marketing consumption of goods and services. Primary research involves the collection of the data particularly for learning purposes. Due to the lengthy duration of this kind of research it can often be expensive to conduct. The two basic types of primary research are qualitative research techniques such as focus group interviews and quantitative research techniques in the form of questionnaires, surveys or telephonic interviews. To carry out a successful market research, it is important to choose the correct research methods. The quantitative research technique adopted in this report includes questionnaires. Questionnaire is a primary source of information. It can contain open questions, which allow the respondent to express their own views and detailed opinions, and also closed questions, which limit the type of answer, allowed i.e. yes or no. Filling a questionnaire can be less time consuming and simple compared to attending focus group or an interview. However, this method has its share of disadvantages too. Open ended questions can create large amounts of data that can take long time to process and analyze. Respondents may answer superficially particularly if it is a lengthy questionnaire as they can lose interest. This can influence the end results and thus questionnaires should be cautiously written so that the accuracy of the information is maintained. A sample size of 20 questionnaires were distributed to the youth crowd with a diverse taste in fashion and gathering the opinions of these respondents in the form of 4 closed question and 4 open questions. The result stated that the grunge look can be categorized under the retro fashion style that popularly existed decades ago but then faded out as the years passed with the invent of other latest styles and is now back into the fashion market. Therefore, the grunge look cannot be termed as a fad or a staple. The research further showed that with winter approaching respondents prefer to buy dull shades of clothing. Respondents suggested that the retro fashion can never die out of fashion and will always be the most sought after style of dressing since it was a huge success back in the days and teenagers would gladly embrace it even in this 21st century in order to obtain the sophisticated look.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Capital Punishments Capital punishment is one of the most discussed and argued issue around the world, probably because of it is crucial diversity. The main reason why people have different point of views is based on the cultural, economic, political and social diversity in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s societies. For example; how is your status in society? Rich people tend to favor the capital punishment, compared to the minorities with poor economic background. Same as Republicans vs. Liberals, RepublicansÃ¢â¬â¢ tend to have a more positive attitude towards these kind of disciplinary actions compared to the Liberals. The reason why this issue never been solved is because there is no right answer to the question. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s up to every person to decide what ever they believe is the right or most appropriate penalty for murder. Even the States disagree on this issue. There is an obvious characteristic between the States that favor and disfavor the death penalty. The Southern States tend to favor the penalty compared to the Northern States. There are 37 States that have Capital punishment and 82 % of all executions since 1976 have occurred in Southern States. In New England, only Connecticut still enforces capital punishment. Does it really affect the criminals of the society? Does it really work as a deterrence to commit crimes? Unfortunately the answer is NO. The States who implemented capital punishments have shown no trends of decreased crime rate. In Florida, the murder rates have increased the last three years even though an increases number of people have been executed over the same time period. So, if it not deters crime, why continue to follow the same path. An answer to that is that it still makes people feel more relaxed and secured when they know their State gives the criminals death penalty. The difference between the costs of executing a person compared to give him/her a life time sentence is incredible. The State of Kansas made a survey comparing the costs in 2004, which demonstrated that capital punishment is many times more expensive. For example, the investigation costs are 3 times greater, the trial cost is 16 times greater, the appeal cost is 21 times greater and finally it takes an average of 34 days in a capital punishment trial compared to 9 days in a non-death trial (according to DPIC). As we can see the main factor that brings up the costs for capital punishment is not the execution itself, it is the trial process.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
In Ã¢â¬Å"Adult Crimes, Adult Time,Ã¢â¬ published in the Washington Post on March 29, 1998, Linda J. Collier argues about the juvenile laws and her principal argument shows that children should serve the same time as adults when they commit adult crimes. Collier provides some statistics and examples (Jonesboro shooting, Daily City shooting, and her experience with a particular girl) that support her position regarding the information of the article. The diversity of laws among states made the situation much harder because they cannot come up with a specific solution for the problem. According to Collier, the solution is to create the same set of rules for every state, in order to punish the juvenile who commits adult crimes. However, the lack of participation of the federal government or Congress creates an environment of inconsistency in state laws that control the decision of prosecution of young society. CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s article is not a good example of an essay that combines a ll three appeals. The essay contains appeal to logos, but suffers from lack of reliable information of the topic and does not provides a decent amount of evidence that clearly supports her reasons. Also, the refutation of different opinions is unclear along the essay, and does not appear to be made correctly. However, CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to build common ground, use sensory language and her appeal to pathos determines the good effectiveness of the argument. The article seems to contain a large amount of information persuading the reader to support the more severe and strict punishment for juveniles committing adult crimes. However, CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s overall argument seems weak due to the lack of logical, statistical, and supportive facts making it sound more like a complain instead of an argument. She does not provides statistical facts to support a change in the juvenile justice system, on the other hand, she just advises to change the set of rules without any reliable or factual support. In order to support her claim Collier should provide strong facts, such as, number of juveniles involved in murders and number of violent activities related to juvenileÃ¢â¬â¢s individuals. For example, the number of murders done by juveniles in 2003 was 783, however statistics show that the number of murders done by juveniles reached over 1.100 by 2007. In her argument, Collier never gives a clear and evident example of how only extending and implying harsher and more severe consequences will help reduce juvenile crime rates. For instance, there is no reliable measure of improvement that shows that CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s solution will decreased the rate of juvenile crimes. Logically, a more severe punishment will indeed frighten and make a juvenile think twice before committing a crime, although it wont guarantee a complete solution for the problem. In the sense of ethos, CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s essay comes off as a cold and dry argument due to her strict point of view exhibiting any sort of emotion or sympathy towards the juvenileÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective. It is important to keep in mind that kids will be kids regardless of the matter, therefore people tend to forget that they are sti ll in the process of growing up and becoming responsible adults. On behalf of that, kids are vulnerable to make mistakes and careless choices without thinking about the consequences. Collier flat out just wants to extend and intensify the judicial punishment, without any concerns regarding the juvenileÃ¢â¬â¢s background, family situation, or any other important factor that relates or leads to a juvenile misbehavior in the first place. Even thought it may sound reasonable to intensify the juvenile justice system, there are specific situations that should be evaluated before considering such changes. Such as, being at the wrong place and at the wrong time, facing problems through desperate matters, and mental problems that could lead to a tragic ending for a kid. Collier does not point out or takes under considerations this other subliminal and contributing factors of various kinds that can play an important role in a young personÃ¢â¬â¢s life, making her appeal to ethos vulnerable along the argument. On the contrary, CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s appeal to pathos determines her side and stand point of the issue for sure. Clearly, she wants to lower juvenile crime rates through modifying and extending the juvenile justice system. Considering CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s plan as a possible solution for the present issue, the creation of common ground is stabled due to the fact that we all want a more safe and developed society for the future. Collier argues in such a way that she makes it seem as it is a perfect world with simple solutions to serious problems. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not always the case. Life is more hypothetical than a simple extension of punishments and consequences. On account of what was mentioned before, kids will always be kids and if they do not consider consequences, they still wont consider what Colliers suggest. As a conclusion, CollierÃ¢â¬â¢s overall argument it is good. The essay presents many weaknesses related with the appeal to logos and ethos, however her facility to establish common ground helps the confident of the article. Although, ethos and logos does not provide support, the appeal to pathos along the essay is a major strength. Collier should add more reliable information, facts, and statistics in order to make a stronger argument and support all the information contained in it. Coming up with respectful and clear refutations to other opinions will create a bigger level of respect between the writer and the readers, resulting in an excellent and complete argument about the juvenile crime. Work Cited Collier, Linda J. Ã¢â¬Å"Adult Crime, Adult Time.Ã¢â¬ The Washington Post Company, Page C01. Web. Sunday, March 29, 1998.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Review of An improved mathematical program to solve the simple assembly line balancing problem by Rafael Pastor and Laia Ferrer in IOC Research Institute, Technical University of Catalonia, Avenue Diagonal 647, (edif. ETSEIB), p. 11, 08028, Barcelona, Spain (Received 20 July 2007; final version received 26 September 2007) International Journal of Production Research Vol. 47, No. 11, 1 June 2009, 2943Ã¢â¬â2959 Reviewed by Shiddarth Pitchai IME 550- CRN 17747: Operations Research Professor Ismet Esra Buyuktahtakin December 3, 2014 Note: This paper for study purpose only. Introduction This paper is focused around planning and scheduling in production line, which propelled me to choose it. Simple Assembly Line Balancing Problem, a hypothetical model which is picking up prevalence, can be executed in large scale manufacturing as its point is to either to diminish the workstations (SALBP-1) or decrease the process duration (SALBP-2). Several papers have been published on this, the first one being formulated as 0-1 math program by Bowman and later modified to four 0-1 formulation by Patterson and Albracht(1975). First and foremost we have to discover a range of the workstations Ei and Li with a specific end goal to relegate the undertaking i to the earliest and most recent workstation, just like as any scientific model a preprocess is done. Taking ti as process time; PTi as set of precede task; STi as set of succeed task, value of ct and an upper bound onShow MoreRelatedCase 1 Who Makes The Apple Iphone769 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿February 4, 2015 Who Makes the Apple iPhone 1. What are the benefits to Apple of outsourcing the assembly of the iPhone to foreign countries, and particularly China? What are the potential costs and risks to Apple? There are many benefits for Apple in outsourcing their assembly line to China. 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Thursday, December 26, 2019
Mycoplasma Pneumonia is the most common pneumonia ranging in older kids and younger adults. This type of lung infection goes by many different names such as Walking Pneumonia, Eaton Agent Pneumonia and Primary Atypical Pneumonia. Mycoplasma Pneumoniae is one of the smallest living organisms that can reproduce outside of a cell but, prefers to have a host and to be parasitic. Mycoplasma pneumoniae likes to party in the late summer and early fall especially in communities but is still found in the other seasons. Mycoplasma pneumoniae is unique and mysterious because of its small genome and physical size. The bacterium contains only 500-2300 Kba in its genome that produces about 700 different proteins. (Emerging infectiousÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦M. pneumoniae is generally referred to as primary atypical or walking pneumonia because the symptoms are not as sever as pneumonia. The symptoms include a dry hacking cough, fever, and headache. The symptoms will last for about 2 to 3 weeks. M. pneumoniae affects people worldwide. Typically only 33 % of people who have M. pneumoniae will get atypical pneumonia. The majority, 77 %, will come down with an upper tract infection (tracheaobronchitis). (Pulmonary Disorders pg 609) M. pneumoniae is transmitted through aerosol droplets. The bacterium is capable of infecting anyone at any time but it has a pattern of coming in the fall and winter and causing an outbreak every 4 to 8 years, although more tight communities occur more frequently. Th e pathogen rarely occurs on children less than 4 years of age. Since the bacterium lacks a cell wall, B-lactums are futile against them. The bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s immune system is responsible for killing the pathogen. There were 2 million cases in the US with 100,000 requiring hospitalization. The mortality rate is very low with only occasional fatalities among the elderly and sickle cell anemia persons. ( ). The bacterium evolved by loosing its genes converting it from a free-living microbe into a pathogen. It needs the hostÃ¢â¬â¢s nutrients in order to survive. The bacterium latches itself onto the host epithelial cells by a 160 kDa type 1 pilli. The pilli, located on a specific organelle on the polar region of theShow MoreRelatedPneumoni A Serious Infectious Disease1229 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesPneumonia Pneumonia is a very serious infectious disease of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, and sometimes even fungi. Pneumonia is dangerous to all but mostly dangerous to the very young, and the very old. Until a vaccine was invented for the disease, there was a time it was killing more people than tuberculosis. Due to the vaccination, the amount of cases reported in the United States has dropped drastically. Common signs and symptoms of pneumonia are coughing, fevering, troubleRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Pneumonia1470 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Pneumonia is a serious infection in the lungs that causes illness in all ages and can be mild to severe, to the extent of causing death. Pneumonia is characterized by inflammation of the alveoli in one or both lungs that leads to fluid/pus filled the alveoli and is commonly a complication from respiratory infections like the Flu, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Asthma, just to name a few. Though it is most seriou s for older adults, babies, people with impaired immune systems andRead MorePneumonia: Immune System and Tiny Air Sacs1899 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAmericans die of pneumonia, an inflammation of the lungs thats usually caused by infection with bacteria, viruses, fungi or other organisms. Pneumonia is a particular concern for older adults and people with chronic illnesses or impaired immune systems, but it can also strike young, healthy people. Worldwide, its a leading cause of death in children. There are many kinds of pneumonia ranging in seriousness from mild to life-threatening. Although signs and symptoms vary, many cases of pneumonia develop suddenlyRead More Pneumonia And Tuberculosis Essay2459 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesPneumonia and Tuberculosis Pneumonia and tuberculosis have been plaguing the citizens of the world for centuries causing millions of deaths. This occurred until the creation and use of antibiotics become more widely available. These two respiratory infections have many differences, which include their etiology, incidence and prevalence, and many similarities in their objective and subject indicators, medical interventions, course, rehabilitation and effects. To explore theRead MoreDr. L. T2077 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesrunning a fever the last few days that rose to 101.0 degrees Fahrenheit. She has no complaints of heart palpitations, chest pain, PND, orthopnea, or edema. No respiratory distress has accompanied the symptoms, and no wheezing, hemoptysis, dyspnea, pneumonia history, or TB signs. However, she does have a wet sounding cough, especially at night reported by her mother. No complaints of delayed healing, rashes, bruising, bleeding or skin discolorations, or any changes in lesions or moles. No complaintsRead MoreSymptoms And Symptoms Of Pneumonia1516 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Pneumonia is a lung infection that can be a mild to severe illness for all ages. It is caused by bacteria, virus, or fungi. Pneumonia was the leading cause of death in the U.S. About 2 million people in the U.S get pneumonia each year, only causing about 60,000 deaths. Pneumonia is the leading cause of child death worldwide. It is accountable for 15% of childrenÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬â¢ deaths under five years old, killing around 922,000 children in 2015 (WHO 2015). Pneumonia affects everyone worldwide butRead MoreThe Differences and Similarities of Pneumonia and Tuberculosis2523 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesThe Differences and Similarities of Pneumonia and Tuberculosis Pneumonia and tuberculosis have been plaguing the citizens of the world for centuries causing millions of deaths. This occurred until the creation and use of antibiotics become more widely available. These two respiratory infections have many differences, which include their etiology, incidence and prevalence, and many similarities in their objective and subject indicators, medical interventions, course, rehabilitation and effectsRead MoreRespiratory Diseases2743 Words Ã |Ã 11 Pagesdisease, cystic fibrosis, empyema, mycoplasma pneumonia, pleurisy, and lung abscesses. Respiratory diseases, mild or fatal are treated differently according to their symptoms and severity. Blankenship 2 There are many different types of diseases that can infect the lungs, that are not deathly fatal to ones health, however, Ã¢â¬Å"Bronchiectasis is an abnormal dilation of the bronchi caused by suppurative infection of the bronchial wall. It can follow suppurative pneumonia or lung abscess and may be a sequelRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of A Common Infectious Disease755 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSymptoms and Physical Findings Pneumonias can be classified by the type of agent thatÃ¢â¬â¢s causing the infection, and distribution and location of the infection. This patient that specifically has community acquired pneumonia (CAP) can be either bacterial or viral in nature, and described as pneumonia that did not originate from a nursing home or hospital (Grossman Porth, 2013). CAP should be suspected if the patient presents with symptoms such as dyspnea, high fever, rigors, tachycardia, pulmonaryRead MoreSymptoms And Treatment Of Pneumonia1012 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvery young children are particularly vulnerable to these illnesses. Pneumonia is a germ-caused disease and varies in severity with the most severe form affecting the weak or immature immune people mentioned above (Frieden, 2015). Mild pneumonia attacks healthy people with good immune systems and is treatable at home, clearing up in about two weeks. This paper will give a detailed overview of this deadly disease. Introduction Pneumonia is a term used to refer to the inflammation of the air sacs in the
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
The history of Affirmative Action dates back to the days when the nation tried to rebuild its society after the civil war. Reconstruction tried to establish virtuous relations between the white Europeans black Africans that made up a giant part of the American society. The nation was torn on how to establish these relations. Lots of call Reconstruction the low point of race relations in the United States. This period included the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment, defining national citizenship so as to include blacks. This Amendment passed Congress in June 1866 and was ratified, despite rejection by most Southern states on July 28, 1868. In response to the newfound freedom of African Americans, whites incited numerous accounts of violence. White hatred of the black race created a period that experienced the most lynchingÃ¢â¬â¢s in the history of the United States. Whites also began using contemporary forms of labor exploitation to maintain control of their socioeconomic advantage. Something needed to be done so that the nation would not split at its seams. Side argued that time was the only solution to racial issues. Generating government programs would make African dependent give them an unfair advantage. They were said to be fat state subsidies that unfairly penalized innocent whites taught blacks self-destructive habits of indolence independence. This argument was sustained by the Democratic Party who expressed their thinking by publicizing material, whichShow MoreRelatedThe History Of Affirmative Action Essay1995 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe History of Affirmative Action Abstract There are many supporters and opponents of Affirmative Action. The focus of Affirmative action is meant to be an attempt at equality throughout society. Every sector in America would be equal and unprejudiced. On the other hand, adopting affirmative action would force many employers to replace hard-working employees with those possibly less qualified simply due to their gender or ethnicity. Throughout history, people have been categorized into differentRead MoreThe History of Affirmative Action2496 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Outline The history of affirmative action I.Introduction II.Origins of affirmative action a.The 14th Amendment to the constitution b.Major setback in the Supreme Court ruling of 1986 c.President Franklin Roosevelts contribution d.President Harry Trumans contribution III.Affirmative action comes into being a.President John F. Kennedys contribution b.President Lyndon B. Johnsons contribution IV.Fair employment a.Civil Rights Act of 1964 b.Landmark ruling of 1971 V.President RonaldRead MoreEssay on History and Opinions on the Policy of Affirmative Action1725 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages is Affirmative Action. The basic goal of these policies is to increase opportunities for minorities in the United States job market and educational system. Yet one might also question if these policies actually decrease discrimination or increase the inequality gap between the dominate white group and the minority African American group? What benefits do we really gain from Affirmative Action? In order to answer these and other questions, we must first fully understand what Affirmative ActionRead MoreAffirmative Action vs Reverse Discrimination Essay1614 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAffirmative Action or Reverse Discrimination Colleen Koehn Business Law 1038 Instructor Jackie Sexson March 1, 2010 South University Online There has been a large debate in recent years if affirmative action has gone against the American way, has affirmative action caused reverse discrimination? The establishment of affirmative action was put into place to create equal rights for racial minorities, ethnic minorities, women, the physically disabled and those who served in the militaryRead MoreAffirmative Action And The Civil Rights And Equal Opportunity Legislation Of The 1960s958 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAffirmative action is a program that serves to rectify the effects of purportedly past societal discrimination by allocating jobs and opportunities to minorities and women. Affirmative action programs were an outgrowth of the 1950s and 1960s civil rights movements and the Civil Rights and Equal Opportunity legislation of the 1960s. Close to fifty years later, the practice of affirmative action has been at the vanguard of intense debate more than any other time in its history. Hardly a week goesRead MoreAffirmative Action During The Civil Rights Movement1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshappened until the government implemented affirmative action. Affirmative action allowed minorities more opportunities into schools and allowed more opportunities for jobs. It also allowed society to become more diverse with ethnicities and cultures. Affirmative action diluted the racism in the country and eventually helped everyone work collaboratively. Now that affirmative action has done its job, I feel that it is no longer needed. Affirmative action was made to level the playing field betweenRead MoreAffirmative Action Programs Should Be Legal1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesto our textbook, institutions or organizations involves with affirmative action programs in order to improve opportunities or provide compensations for individuals that belong to omitted groups in the U.S history. While affirmative action programs are prevalent in a numerous of fields, employment and education are the two most active fields that focus on the affirmative action. In many associations and other cases, the affirmative action can be considered as a series of privileged programs. TheseRead MoreAffirmative Action For African Americans1478 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOliveira 1 Lucas Oliveira Ms. Alonso English 8 Honors 7 March 2015 Affirmative Action Have you ever wondered why all companies have employees of all races? Affirmative Action sought to give African Americans workers and minorities equal access to education and employment which was previously denied to them. It makes companies and schools give equal access to minorities. Affirmative Action is a topic that has been in government officials minds for a long time. Between 1870-1900, many African AmericansRead MoreAffirmative Action Is The Most Important Modern Anti Discrimination1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesColumbia in the United States of America once said that Ã¢â¬Å"affirmative action is the most important modern anti-discrimination technique ever instituted in the United States. It is the one tool that has had a demonstrable effect on discrimination. No one who knows anything about the subject would say it hasn t worked. It has certainly done something, or else it wouldn t have provoked so much oppositionÃ¢â¬ . This means that affirmative action is a modern anti-discrimination technique that has beenRead MorePersuasive Speech : Affirmative Action1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesTitle: Affirmative Action Topic: The idea I want to talk about is the purpose of Affirmative Action in America, who it represents, and how it affects them. Purpose Statement: My speech will inform the audience about the objectives of affirmative action and how it benefits them. Audience Analysis: A. Demographics: My audience will consist of males and females who are young adults that attend Michigan State University. Also, my audience will consist of many ethnicities and nationalities. My speech